List of the best Children’s vitamins for immunity

Immunity is the ability of the human body to maintain the constancy of its internal environment by fighting foreign substances and cells. In medicine, foreign substances are called antigens. The role of antigens can be viruses, bacteria, parasites, allergens and many others. 

Types of immunity 

Immunity includes humoral and cellular immunity. Let’s look at each of them in more detail. Humoral is provided by the presence of antibodies (substances that bind to antigens) in the blood. Cellular immunity is provided by the cells of the immune system. Immunity is congenital and acquired. Acquired, on the other hand, can be both active and passive. Active immunity develops after diseases, such as acute respiratory viral infections. It also develops after a vaccination. Passive formed when transfused into the body already ready-made antibodies in the form of serum. It also develops when antibodies are passed from the mother’s milk to the newborn baby. In fact, natural immunity includes congenital immunity, acquired after an illness, as well as passive immunity when antibodies are transferred from the mother to the baby. Artificial immunity is called immunity after a vaccine or antibody serum has been given. 

The organs of immunity 

After we have disassembled the concept of immunity, its main types, it is necessary to pay attention to the organs that provide it. 
There are distinguished central and peripheral organs of the immune system. 

The central ones include: 

    Red bone marrow. Located in the bones. Serves as the source of the formation of all blood cells, including those of the immune system. 

    Thymus. It is where some of the immune system cells that come from the red bone marrow are further matured. 

Peripheral organs: 

  •     Lymph nodes. 
  •     Spleen. 
  •    Lymphocytic cell clusters in the skin, respiratory organs, and intestines. 
  •    Peculiarities of immunity formation in children 

The peculiarity of the immune system formation in children is the presence of the so-called “critical” periods: 

    The first critical period after the birth of the baby is the period of newborn. At this time, the baby encounters a huge number of pathogens. The immune system during this period is subject to strong immune-suppressive actions. This period is characterized by low resistance to many infections. There is a tendency to develop common infections. 

    The second period falls on the age of 3-6 months. It is characterized by a weakening of immune responses due to the destruction of antibodies that have been passed from the mother. 

    The third period develops in the second year of life. During this period, the baby’s contact with the outside world increases significantly. At this age, many immune system abnormalities appear, as well as autoimmune (directed against your own body) diseases. Children are prone to repeated acute respiratory diseases. 

    The fourth period falls in the 4th-6th years of life. This period is characterized by a high incidence of allergic and parasitic diseases. Many chronic diseases are formed during this period. 

    The fifth period corresponds to adolescence. In girls it corresponds to 12-13 years, in boys – from 14-15 years. A large growth spurt is accompanied by a decrease in the mass of the lymphoid (immune) organs. The increase in the formation of male sex hormones leads to a decrease in the cellular immune system. Because of this, many allergic diseases weaken. The influence of the external environment on the development of immunity strengthens. At this time there is a new rise in the incidence of chronic inflammatory, autoimmune, viral diseases. 

The formation of the immune system in children may be slowed by various external factors: 

  •     Xenobiotics (chemicals). 
  •     Intrauterine infections 
  •     Frequent acute respiratory viral infections and infections of the digestive tract. 
  •     The influence of environmental factors in the environment and many others. 

These factors, slowing the formation of the immune system in children, leads to functional immaturity of the immune system and, accordingly, predispose them to the development of immunodeficiency states (state of reduced immunity). 
 
 

Vitamins and their role in immunity 

Vitamins are substances necessary for normal life, the formation of which in the body is absent or very limited. Mostly, the source of these substances in children is food and intestinal bacteria, which are also able to form them. 

They have their own characteristics: 

  •     Are not incorporated into the structure of the baby’s organs and tissues. 
  •     The body does not use it as a source of energy. 

Depending on their ability to dissolve in water or fat, vitamins are divided into two large groups: 

  •     Fat-soluble. These include vitamins A, D, E, K, as well as vitamin-like substances – ubiquinone (vitamin Q), essential fatty acids (vitamin F). 
  •     Water-soluble. These include vitamins B, H, C, vitamin-like substances – choline, lipoic acid, carnitine, orotic acid and others. 

Unfortunately, there are reasons that can lead to a decrease in the levels of these substances in the body. Hypo- and avitaminosis is the medical term for this condition.  

Causes of hypo- and avitaminosis: 

    Exposure to environmental factors. 

    Irrational nutrition. 

    Impaired absorption. 

    High requirement (e.g., in premature babies and during puberty). 

    Liver disease. 

    Increased decay of vitamins. 

    Damage to the intestinal microflora.  

Symptoms of vitamin deficiency 

Hypovitaminosis, as a rule, have non-specific symptoms. These include: increased fatigue, reduced body defenses, weakness, lethargy. Avitaminoses have more specific (defined) symptoms. We will not dwell in more detail on each avitaminosis, but only consider the vitamins, the lack of which can lead to a decrease in immunity. 

These include: 

    Vitamin A. Its deficiency is manifested by lesions of the eyes, skin, as well as increased susceptibility to infections. 

    Vitamins of group B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal). Deficiency of these substances can lead to dermatitis, lymphopenia (reduced immune cell count), anemia, seizures. 

    Biotin. Deficiency of the above substance may lead to seborrhea, hair loss, deterioration of the immune system. 

    Vitamin C. Deficiency of vitamin C leads to increased fragility of blood vessels, rapid fatigue, pain in the extremities, loss of teeth, poor wound healing, and increased susceptibility to infections. 

    Vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency leads to the development of rickets in the baby, which is also accompanied by a decrease in immunity and increased overall morbidity in the baby. 

Vitamins used to improve immunity 

The choice of vitamin medication in children depends on many factors, the main one being the age of the baby. Below we list a list of the main children’s vitamins for immunity for children of different ages. 

For children from one year of age, preference is given to preparations in the form of syrup or drops: 

    Drops “Multi-Tabs Baby”. 

    Syrup “Pikovit”. 

    “Alphabet Our Baby.” 

At the age of 3 to 5 years, chewable tablets are already possible: 

    Chewable tablets “Complivit Aktiv”. 

    Chewable tablets “Vitrum Kids Plus. 

    Vitamishki” lozenges. 

Children beyond the age of six may utilize the following:  

    Chewable tablets “multi-Tabs.” 

    Tablets “Pikovit forte. 

    Tablets “Alphabet Schoolboy”. 

The above products contain in their composition the above-mentioned vitamins, so they are vitamins to boost immunity, which allows you to strengthen your child’s immunity. 

Like any other drugs, they have their own indications and contraindications. Use them only in cases where there is a lack of these substances. Do not self-medicate, if your child has symptoms associated with vitamin deficiency, consult your pediatrician. Your doctor will help you choose the right medicine for your baby, as well as prescribe the correct dosage and duration of use of the selected drug. 

    
NB : this article is for informational purposes only and does not provide medical advice 

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